Prof. d-r Asen Zlatarov University 8010 Burgas, Bulgaria
Absract. The Bulgarian adnominal da-clauses, which have completely displaced the Old-Bulgarian inﬁnitive constructions, are distinguished for a speciﬁc semantic specialization: to denote non-referential situations. Their invariant meaning is non-factivity. The research on da-clauses is mostly concentrated on their modal meaning. However, the empirical analysis shows another type of non-factivity: a habitual meaning related to generalized presentation of real situations. The aim of the paper is to present these two variants of non-factivity. The study focuses on the relationship between their expression and the meaning of the modiﬁed noun as a factor determining the use of the conjunction da (as a non-factivity marker) and che (as a factivity marker). Two groups of nouns are analyzed: nouns allowing only daclauses (with modal and habitual meaning) and nouns allowing da- and che-clauses (with neutral meaning).
Keywords: adnominal da-clauses; modality; habituality; Bulgarian
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