The Overcoming of Ethnocultural Stereotypes in the Novella of Saladin and Melchizedek from Boccaccio‘s Collection of Novellas “The Decameron” (Instructional project)
Absract. By construing a novella included in Boccaccian “Decameron” the submited instructional project aims to expose an interpreting approach based on comprehension of text as а potentiality, which could be fulfilled by the reader. Observations are aimed at narrator – communicative situation relationship, character creation techniques, and denying of certain ethnocultural stereotypes. Possible intertextual relations are outlined in order to encourage pupils to consider a text as linked to many others.
Keywords: Renaissance culture; narrator; character; ethnocultural stereotype
Mr. Ivan Velchev
University of Sofia
91. Secondary School “Prof. K. Galabov”
The Tension between Masculine and Feminine Nouns in the Language of Political Correctness
Abstract. Masculinization is spread in many languages because masculine names (masculinisms) are considered more prestigious in naming professions, activities, social status. It is therefore curious that masculine nouns are not perceived as politically correct names. Female names for the professional occupation of women in the media and in general speech-based practice often appear in a woman’s discrediting and discriminatory context that affirms their stylistic pejorative affiliation. However, they are preferred as politically correct nominations. Language reforms to create a culturally sensitive language recommend feminine nouns as non-discriminatory in terms of gender and as a mechanism for restoring gender equality in society. Based on the analysis of media texts, the article shows that the euphemistic use of masculinisms is the cause of preference for them. The ironic and negligent connotations of the feminatives tend to be avoided in speech practice. Keywords: masculine nouns; feminine nouns; political correctness; media speech
Prof. Andreana Eftimova
University of Sofia
A French Nuance in the Language Used by Yordan Yovkov
Absract. This research is an attempt to solve a lexical riddle posed to the readers by the eminent Bulgarian fiction writer Yordan Yovkov, which has remained unsolved for more than a hundred years. The object of study is the French word poilus, about which Yovkov says that it has an exact Bulgarian equivalent but does not state it. The methods used are comparative analysis of Bulgarian translation analysis of empruntism poilus and the survey method. The progress of discussion is viewed and hypotheses are formulated on this traductological inquiry, making an attempt to give an argumented solution to the fictional riddle posed.
Keywords: Yordan Yovkov; traductology; empruntology; lexicology; poilus (Feldgrauen); First World War
Prof. Dimitar Vesselinov, DSc.
University of Sofia
Is it Time for Discussion Concerning the Problem l as ŭ at School? (Based on an Experiment on Spelling of Words Containing Letters л and у at Secondary School)
Abstract. The article points out the spelling problems of Bulgarian words containing letters л and у. These problems are related with the mass incorrect articulation of Bulgarian alveodental consonant [l] as [ŭ] and its perception. Previous publications prove the existence of this issue which we consider in the frame of the Theory of Language Management. We hypothesize that the problem is ubiquitous and deep enough yet in primary school. So our goal is to set a discussion on the need of special attention to this topic. An experiment is presented with 84 8 – 9 year-old students in four primary schools – two of them situated in Blagoevgrad, one in Varna, and 1 in Popovitsa. The results prove our hypothesis and show a strong tendency towards spelling mistakes in words containing the Cyrillic letters л and у. Keywords: spelling mistakes; primary school; Bulgarian alveolar consonant [l]; Cyrillic letters л and у, LMT
Dr. Gergana Padareva-Ilieva, Dr. Sofiya Mitsova
South-West University „Neofit Rilski“ Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria
Symbolism of Women’s Hair in the Poetry of P. Yavorov
Absract. The article examines the unexplored image of the women’s hair in Bulgarian literature. It is highlighted in about ten poems by Peyo Yavorov. The aim of the study is to reveal the rich range of symbolism that this image has. The focus is on “Come”, “Curse”, “Song of my song” and “Mask”. The article also touches the features of Yavorov’s poetry as the image of the night, the women’s eyes and age. The text also draws a parallel between the function of seductive hair in the “Mask” and how the image of women’s hair which it introduces into temptation in Bulgarian prose. In the article is given an example of some stories from the iconic cycles with stories “Below the monastery vine” by Elin Pelin and “Stara planina legends” by Yordan Yovkov.
Keywords: women; hair; symbolism; P. Yavorov; poetry; prose; seductive hair
Institute for Literature Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Sofia, Bulgaria
„Tobacco“ – between Political Appearance and Bible Problems
Absract. In „Tobacco“ is outlined the scheme of collision father – sons, but also between sons. The novel reflects not only the end of the occupancy in the home (doubt even the former good in the generic space), but also the decay of the world in its physical and spiritual dimensions, presented as the end of a political and economic system and the beginning of another. Dimitar Dimov presents a world where children have sinned because they refuse to obey the established framework for life. In the novel, children don’t simply share the values of their parents, but also value conduct that has been denounced so far as immoral. In another case, young people come to a fanatical end in affirming and „preaching“ the new order. The paradox in the novel of Dimov is revealed in the awareness of the fall, but also in the hero‘s refusal to walk back to repentance.
Keywords: prodigal son; disgrace; repentance; collision; partiality
Dr. Velika Gyulemerova
Vocational High School in Computer Programming and Innovation
Bulgarian language and literature in primary school
Level of Formation of Language and Literature Competences of Pupils in 4th Grade
Absract. The article presents an analysis of the theoretical formulations in relation to mother language communication as one of the key competences
and the training in Bulgarian language and literature and an empirical study through a didactic test of the level of formation of the linguistic and literature competences of pupils in IV grade. The test consists of three parts - dictation, reading comprehension, and a language competence test. It indicates strengths and weaknesses in mastering the curriculum. There are comments on the probable causes of the pupils’ difficulties. The analysis indicates possible ways to overcome them. Concrete conclusions are made.
Keywords: primary school; competences; mother language
Ms. Desislava Petrova
University of Sofia
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