Dr. Martin Margaritov, Assist. Prof.
University of Plovdiv “Paisii Hilendarski”
Absract. Contemporary school children grow and develop under conditions of physical inactivity and that reduced physical activity causes great and irreparable damage to their developing organisms. This lack of activity most significantly affects children’s physical capacity. The present research reveals the components that determine the physical capacity and the possibilities for its improvement through the development of the basic fitness components /speed, strength, endurance, agility and flexibility/. The presented study traces the dynamics of the development of fitness components of primary school students through tests of physical capacity. The objective of this study is to diagnose and optimize the level of physical capacity of students of primary school age. The subject of the study are the skill-related
fitness components of 10-year-old students, which are a main factor reflecting the physical capacity of children. The object of the study are 40 ten-year-old boys, formed in two groups - control and experimental. The research involved literature review; classroom observation; educational experiment – a physical fitness test battery to measure the level of students’ physical capacity; processing and analysis of the collected data. A program for optimizing the fitness components is proposed - trainings, indicative training volume and repetitions. It was found that the program that was implemented led to an increase in the physical capacity of the students that were studied.
Keywords: physical capacity; fitness components; speed, strength; endurance; agility